MATERIAL DEPRIVATION INCREASES AMONG THE FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS

Gökçe Uysal and Selin Köksal

The status of female-headed households is an important topic addressed by academic research and policymakers in terms of both gender equality and equality of opportunities for future generations. According to the 2015 wave of the Survey of Income and Living Conditions, the material deprivation is becoming more prevalent. The ratio of female-headed households that suffer from material deprivation increased from 31 percent in 2014 to 37.9 percent in 2015. During this period, the ratio of female-headed households that cannot cover unexpected expenses increased to 45.6 percent. Moreover, the ratio of female-headed households that cannot meet their weekly protein needs increased to 45.9 percent. In addition, the ratio of female-headed households that cannot sufficiently heat up their homes rose from 20.6 percent to 26.9 percent. This strong deterioration in material deprivation rates indicate that female-headed households need specifically designed policies.  However, policymakers should pay attention not to weaken women’s labor market attachments while designing policies for female-headed households.

doc. ResearchBrief206

pdf. ResearchBrief206

 

WHO TAKES CARE OF THE CHILDREN? FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION AND GENDER

Hande Paker and Gökçe Uysal

In this research brief, we focus on how childcare tasks are shared among parents. The distribution of childcare tasks is studied in relation to female labor force participation decisions. Our data shows that the childcare in Turkey is mainly determined by gender inequality. The sharing of childcare tasks is not only strikingly unfair from the point of women but also deprives children of their father’s contribution to their development. For example, even among the women in the labor force, half of the women state that they have the sole responsibility of changing diapers. This share increases to 80 percent when women who usually are doing this task are included. Similar results were found in the tasks of feeding and preparing children. As children grow up and hence childcare tasks change, the share of women mentioning an equal share of childcare tasks among partners, increase.  However, even in tasks where women report high equal sharing, the share stays below 40 percent.

doc. ResearchBrief202

pdf. ResearchBrief202